Oculoplasty is a specialized branch of Ophthalmology, which focuses on abnormalities of the structures around the eye.Oculoplastic procedures refer to a large variety of surgical procedures that deal with the orbit (eye socket), eyelids, tear ducts, extra ocular structures, other structures around the eye and the face. These procedures include repair of droopy eyelids, repair of tear duct obstructions, orbital fracture repairs, removal of tumors in and around the eyes.
Oculoplastic procedures frequently have both functional and aesthetic purposes.For example, Blepharoplasty, a procedure for excessive and droopy eyelid skin, may improve peripheral vision as well as facial beauty and rejuvenation. It aims at improving function, comfort and appearance.

Conditions for Oculoplastic -

People of any age group can have problems with the areas around the eyes. Some conditions can be present in children, as birth defects, or appear in early childhood. These conditions in children need to be addressed early as they may hamper visual development, and lead to lazy eye (amblyopia). Injuries, infections or tumours can affect any age group, and need early attention and management. In the elderly weakness of eye and face muscles, lead to watering, drooping of the lids or skin folds that hamper normal function. There are several conditions for which you might be referred to an Oculoplastic surgeon.

You need to see an Oculoplasty if you have any of the following conditions :-

  • Droopy eyelids or eyebrows (Ptosis)
  • Blepharoplasty (Eyelift)
  • Eyelids turning in or out (Entropion / Ectropion)
  • Excessive watering due to tear duct or tear sac problems
  • Frequent prescription changes in glasses and contact lenses
  • Growths or Tumors (Cancer of Eye)
  • Excessive blinking or uncontrollable eye closure
  • Twitches
  • Excessive wrinkles / skin folds around eyes (Cosmesis)
  • hyroid imbalance
  • Paralysis affecting the face
  • Anophthalmia - Loss of eye due to injury or infection wherein artificial eye fitting is needed, to improve appearance

Ptosis Surgery

Ptosis is an abnormally low position (drooping) of the upper eyelid. The drooping may be worse after being awake longer, when the individual's muscles are tired.
If severe enough and left untreated, the drooping eyelid can cause other conditions, such as amblyopia or astigmatism especially in children. This is why it is especially important for this disorder to be treated in children at a young age, before it can interfere with vision development.

Treatment -

Surgical procedures include:

  • Levator resection
  • Müller muscle resection
  • Frontalis sling operation
  • Non-surgical modalities like the use of "crutch" glasses or special Scleral contact lenses to support the eyelid may also be used.
  • Ptosis that is caused by a disease will improve if the disease is treated successfully.

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